浠婂ぉ鏄細

瀹為獙瀹よ祫璁綉

鍚屾甯︿紶鍔ㄨ绠?/h2>

瀹為獙瀹よ祫璁綉鏃堕棿:2019-06-08 鐐瑰嚮: 娆?/span> 鐧惧害鎼滅储

銆愬璇汇€?/strong>浼犲姩璁$畻 鍑嗗垯 甯﹁疆 寤鸿浣跨敤瀹為檯鎯呭喌鎵€鍏佽鐨勬渶澶х洿寰勫甫杞紝璁╁暜鍚堢殑榻挎暟鏈€澶у寲锛屽苟澧炲姞浼犲姩甯︾殑绾块€熷害銆傚鏋滃簲鐢ㄤ腑闇€瑕佸緢楂樼殑瀹氫綅绮惧害锛屽垯鍙互浣块浂闂撮殭甯﹁疆銆傚缓璁噰鐢ㄤ紭璐ㄧ殑甯﹁疆锛岀‘淇濅紶鍔ㄥ彲闈犮€?鏈哄櫒缁撴瀯 涓轰簡淇濊瘉浼犲姩涓笉鍑虹幇鏁呴殰锛屽缓璁噰鐢ㄧ粨鏋勫垰搴﹀敖鍙兘澶х殑鍚屾甯﹁繘琛屼紶鍔ㄣ€傝繖鏍峰彲淇濊瘉......
TAG鏍囩锛?鍚屾甯?/a> 浼犲姩璁$畻

   浼犲姩璁$畻

 

鍑嗗垯

 

甯﹁疆

寤鸿浣跨敤瀹為檯鎯呭喌鎵€鍏佽鐨勬渶澶х洿寰勫甫杞紝璁╁暜鍚堢殑榻挎暟鏈€澶у寲锛屽苟澧炲姞浼犲姩甯︾殑绾块€熷害銆傚鏋滃簲鐢ㄤ腑闇€瑕佸緢楂樼殑瀹氫綅绮惧害锛屽垯鍙互浣块浂闂撮殭甯﹁疆銆傚缓璁噰鐢ㄤ紭璐ㄧ殑甯﹁疆锛岀‘淇濅紶鍔ㄥ彲闈犮€?/p>

 

鏈哄櫒缁撴瀯

涓轰簡淇濊瘉浼犲姩涓笉鍑虹幇鏁呴殰锛屽缓璁噰鐢ㄧ粨鏋勫垰搴﹀敖鍙兘澶х殑鍚屾甯﹁繘琛屼紶鍔ㄣ€傝繖鏍峰彲淇濊瘉浼犲姩甯﹀伐浣滆繛缁€?/p>

 

澶澘

濡傛灉浣跨敤澶规澘锛屽垯蹇呴』涓庝紶鍔ㄥ甫榻垮舰鐩稿尮閰嶏紝鑰屼笖鍏锋湁鍒氭€э紝纭繚鎵€鏈夎〃闈㈢殑澶圭揣鍔涘害鍧囧寑銆傚缓璁嚦灏戝す浣?涓娇锛屼互纭繚浜у搧鐨勬€ц兘銆傚鏋滀紶鍔ㄥ甫浣跨敤HPL甯﹁姱锛屽垯寤鸿澶逛綇锛?涓娇銆?/p>

                                                                                     

 

瀹氫箟鍜屼紶杈撳懆鏈?/p>

鍦ㄥぇ澶氭暟鎯呭喌涓嬶紝浼氶噰鐢ㄤ笅闈㈡墍绀虹殑涓ょ浼犲姩甯冨眬涓殑绾垮舰浼犲姩銆傚舰鎴愮壒瀹氱殑浣滅敤鍔涗綋绯汇€?/p>


鍚屾甯︿紶鍔ㄨ绠?

 

鍚屾甯︽湁姊舰榻垮悓姝ュ甫鍜屽渾寮ч娇鍚屾甯︿袱澶х被锛岃璁′篃鍒嗕负姊舰榻垮悓姝ュ甫璁捐鍜屽渾寮ч娇鍚屾甯︿袱绉嶃€?/span>

 
涓€銆佷笅闈㈡槸鍦嗗姬榻垮悓姝ュ甫璁捐鏂规硶锛?/span>
鍘熷璁捐璧勬枡
1 鍘熷姩鏈哄拰宸ヤ綔鏈虹被鍨嬶紱
2 姣忓ぉ杩愯浆鏃堕棿锛?/span>
3 闇€浼犻€掔殑鍚嶄箟鍔熺巼P锛?/span>
4 灏忓甫杞浆閫?/span>n1锛?/span>
5 澶у甫杞浆閫?/span>n2锛?/span>
6 鍒濆畾涓績璺?/span>a0锛?/span>
7 瀵逛紶鍔ㄧ┖闂寸殑鐗规畩瑕佹眰銆?/span>
璁捐姝ラ
 
1    纭畾璁捐鍔熺巼Pd            Pd = KAP kW……………………………………锛?锛?/span>
    寮忎腑锛欿A——宸ヤ綔鎯呭喌绯绘暟锛岃琛?2銆?銆愯〃 2 宸ヤ綔鎯呭喌绯绘暟 KA銆?/span>
宸ヤ綔鏈?/span>
鍘熷姩鏈?/span>
浜ゆ祦鐢靛姩鏈?/span>(鏅€氳浆鐭╅紶绗煎紡銆佸悓姝ョ數鍔ㄦ満)锛岀洿娴佺數鍔ㄦ満 (骞舵縺)锛屽缂稿唴鐕冩満
鐩存祦鐢靛姩鏈?span class="Apple-converted-space"> (澶ц浆鐭┿€佸ぇ婊戝樊鐜囥€佸崟鐩搞€佹粦鐜?/span>)锛岀洿娴佺數鍔ㄦ満(澶嶆縺銆佷覆婵€)锛屽崟缂稿唴鐕冩満
杩愯浆鏃堕棿
杩愯浆鏃堕棿
 
鏂画浣跨敤姣忔棩3锝?/span>5h
鏅€氫娇鐢ㄦ瘡鏃?/span>8锝?/span>10h
杩炵画浣跨敤姣忔棩16锝?/span>24h
鏂画浣跨敤姣忔棩3锝?/span>5h
鏅€氫娇鐢ㄦ瘡鏃?/span>8锝?/span>10h
杩炵画浣跨敤姣忔棩16锝?/span>24h
澶嶅嵃鏈猴紝閰嶆补瑁呯疆锛屾祴閲忎华琛紝鏀炬槧鏈猴紝鍖荤枟鍣ㄦ
1.0
1.2
1.4
1.2
1.4
1.6
娓呮壂鏈猴紝缂濈韩鏈猴紝鍔炲叕鏈烘
1.2
1.4
1.6
1.4
1.6
1.8
甯﹀紡杈撻€佹満锛岃交鍨嬪寘瑁呮満锛岀儤骞茬锛岀瓫閫夋満锛岀粫绾挎満锛屽渾閿ユ垚褰㈡満锛屾湪宸ヨ溅搴婏紝甯﹂敮
1.3
1.5
1.7
1.5
1.7
1.9
娑蹭綋鎼呮媽鏈猴紝娣烽潰鏈猴紝閽诲簥锛屽啿搴婏紝杞﹀簥锛岃灪绾瑰姞宸ユ満锛屾帴缂濇満锛屽渾鐩橀敮搴婏紝榫欓棬鍒ㄥ簥锛屾礂琛f満锛岄€犵焊鏈猴紝鍗板埛鏈?/span>
1.4
1.6
1.8
1.6
1.8
2.0
鍗婃恫浣撴悈鎷屾満锛屽甫寮忚緭閫佹満 (鐭跨煶銆佺叅銆佺爞)锛屽ぉ杞达紝纾ㄥ簥锛岀墰澶村埁搴婏紝閽婚晽搴婏紝閾e簥锛岀蹇冩车锛岄娇杞车锛屾棆杞紡渚涚粰绯荤粺锛屽嚫杞紡鎸姩绛涳紝绾虹粐鏈烘 (鏁寸粡鏈?/span>)锛岀蹇冨紡鍘嬬缉娉?/span>
1.5
1.7
1.9
1.7
1.9
2.1
鍒剁爾鏈?/span>(闄ゆ贩娉ユ満)锛岃緭閫佹満 (骞虫澘寮忋€佺洏寮?/span>)锛屾枟寮忔彁鍗囨満锛屽崌闄嶆満锛岃劚姘存満锛屾竻娲楁満锛岀蹇冨紡鎺掗鎵囷紝绂诲績寮忛紦椋庢満锛屽惛椋庢満锛屽彂鐢垫満锛屾縺纾佹満锛岃捣閲嶆満锛岄噸鍨嬪崌闄嶆満锛屾鑳舵満姊帮紝閿湪鏈猴紝绾虹粐鏈烘
1.6
1.8
2.0
1.8
2.0
2.2
绂诲績鏈猴紝鍒澘杈撻€佹満锛岃灪鏃嬭緭閫佹満锛岄敜鍑诲紡绮夌鏈猴紝閫犵焊鍒舵祮鏈?/span>
1.7
1.9
2.1
1.9
2.1
2.3
绮樺湡鎼呮媽鏈猴紝鐭垮北鐢ㄩ鎵囷紝榧撻鏈猴紝寮哄埗閫侀鏈?/span>
1.8
2.0
2.2
2.0
2.2
2.4
寰€澶嶅紡鍘嬬缉鏈猴紝鐞冪(鏈猴紝妫掔(鏈猴紝寰€澶嶅紡娉?/span>
1.9
2.1
2.3
2.1
2.3
2.5
 
2 閫夋嫨甯﹀瀷
鎸?/span>n1 鍜?/span>Pd锛岀敱鍥?/span>1 閫夋嫨甯﹀瀷銆傘€愬弬鑰冨悓姝ュ甫銆?/span>
 

 
3 璁$畻浼犲姩姣?i
                         i = n1 / n2……………………………………………锛?锛?/span>
4 纭畾甯﹁疆鐩村緞
4.1 纭畾甯﹁疆榻挎暟 Z1銆乑2

灏忓甫杞娇鏁版寜 Z1≥Zmin 鍘熷垯纭畾锛孼min瑙佽〃 3 銆愬弬鑰?/span>甯﹁疆鏈€灏忛娇鏁?/span>缃戦〉銆?/span>

 

鍦嗗姬榻垮悓姝ュ甫浼犲姩灏?span style="padding: 0px; margin: 0px; color: rgb(0, 0, 255);">甯﹁疆鏈€灏戦娇鏁皕min

灏忓甫杞浆閫焠1锛弐·min^锛?
甯?    鍨?/span>
3M
5M
8M
14M
20M
锛?00
12
14
22
28
34
900锝? 200
14
20
28
28
34
1 200锝? 800
16
24
32
32
38
1 800锝? 500
20
28
36
锛? 500
22 30
澶у甫杞娇鏁版寜 Z2=iZ1璁$畻鍚庡渾鏁淬€?/span>
4. 2    纭畾甯﹁疆鐩村緞甯﹁疆鑺傚渾鐩村緞 d1銆乨2鍜屽甫杞寰?da1銆乨a2 锛屾寜鐩稿簲榻挎暟 Z1銆乑2鍙緱銆?/span>
銆愭煡鐪?/span>鍚勭鍚屾甯﹁疆鍙傛暟璁$畻鍏紡銆?/span>
 
5閫夋嫨甯︾殑鑺傜嚎闀垮害 LP鍜岀‘瀹氬疄闄呬腑蹇冭窛 a銆?/span>
5. 1    璁$畻甯︾殑鍒濆畾鑺傜嚎闀垮害 L0
     L0=2a0+1.57锛坉2+d1锛? (d2 d1)2 /4a0   mm………………………锛?3锛?/span>
寮忎腑锛歛0——鍒濆畾涓績璺濓紝mm锛岀敱璁捐浠诲姟缁欏畾銆?/span>
5. 2    閫夋嫨甯︾殑鏍囧噯鑺傜嚎闀垮害 LP
LP鏍规嵁 L0浠庣幇鏈夋ā鍏疯〃涓煡璇?銆?/span>3M鍚屾甯?/span> 5M鍚屾甯?/span> 8M鍚屾甯?/span> 14M鍚屾甯?/span>銆?/span>
5. 3纭畾瀹為檯涓績璺?a
涓績璺濊繎浼艰绠楀叕寮忎负锛?/span>  
…………………………锛?锛?/span>
M=4LP6.28锛坉2+d1锛?mm…………………………………锛?5锛?/span>
涓績璺濈簿纭绠楀叕寮忚鑺傜嚎闀胯绠椼€愬弬鑰?/span>鑺傜嚎闀胯绠?/span>缃戦〉銆?/span>
 
6 纭畾涓績璺濊皟鏁翠笅闄?I鍜岃皟鏁翠笂闄?S
 
涓績璺濊寖鍥翠负锛?锛坅I锛墌锛坅+S锛?mm銆侷鍜?S鍊艰琛?4銆?/span>
琛?span class="Apple-converted-space"> 4 涓績璺濆畨瑁呴噺I 鍜岃皟鏁撮噺S

 

LP
i
S
500
1.02
0.76
锛?/span>500锝?/span>1000
1.27
0.76
锛?/span>1000锝?/span>1500
1.78
1.02
锛?/span>1500锝?/span>2260
2.29
1.27
锛?/span>2260锝?/span>3020
2.79
1.27
锛?/span>3020锝?/span>4020
3.56
1.27
锛?/span>4020锝?/span>4780
4.32
1.27
锛?/span>4780锝?/span>6860
5.33
1.27

 

娉細 褰撳甫杞姞鎸″湀閲忥紝瀹夎閲?/span>I 杩樺簲鍔犱笅鍒楁暟鍊?/span>(mm)锛?/span>

 

甯﹀瀷
鍗曡疆鍔犳尅鍦?/span>
涓よ疆鍔犳尅鍦?/span>
3M
3.0
6.0
5M
13.5
19.1
8M
21.6
32.8
14M
35.6
58.2
20M
47
77.5

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
7         纭畾甯﹂暱绯绘暟
KL甯﹂暱绯绘暟 KL鐢辫〃 5鏌ュ彇銆?/span>
琛?span class="Apple-converted-space"> 5 甯﹂暱绯绘暟KL

 

3M
LP(mm) KL
190 0.80
191锝?/span>260 0.90
261锝?/span>400 1.00
401锝?/span>600 1.10
锛?/span>600 1.20
 
5M
LP(mm) KL
440 0.80
441锝?/span>550 0.90
551锝?/span>800 1.00
801锝?/span>1100 1.10
锛?/span>1100 1.20
 
8M
LP(mm) KL
600 0.80
601锝?/span>900 0.90
901锝?/span>1250 1.00
1251锝?/span>1800 1.10
锛?/span>1800 1.20
 
14M
LP(mm) KL
1400 0.80
1401锝?/span>1700 0.90
1701锝?/span>2000 0.95
2001锝?/span>2500 1.00
2501锝?/span>3400 1.05
锛?/span>3400 1.10
20M
LP(mm) KL
2000 0.80
2001锝?/span>2500 0.85
2501锝?/span>3400 0.95
3401锝?/span>4600 1.00
4601锝?/span>5600 1.05
锛?/span>5600 1.10

 

 
8 纭畾鍟悎榻挎暟绯绘暟 KZ鍟?/span>
鍟悎榻挎暟 Zm鐢卞紡锛?锛夎绠楋細 Zm =ent锛?.5锛坉2 d1 锛?6a 锛塟1………………………………锛?锛?/span>
鍟悎榻挎暟绯绘暟KZ 鐢卞紡锛?/span>7锛夌‘瀹氾細
                             Zm6锛?/span>KZ=1
Zm锛?/span>6锛?/span>KZ=1–0.2锛?/span>6–Zm锛?/span>……………………………锛?/span>7锛?/span>
9        纭畾甯︾殑鍩烘湰棰濆畾鍔熺巼P0
鍚勫甫鍨嬬殑鏈€灏忓搴︽帹鑽愮敤鍩烘湰棰濆畾鍔熺巼P0
鍦嗗姬榻?M鍚屾甯﹀熀鍑嗗甫瀹?mm鐨勫熀鏈瀹氬姛鐜嘝0
鍦嗗姬榻?M鍚屾甯﹀熀鍑嗗甫瀹?mm鐨勫熀鏈瀹氬姛鐜嘝0
鍦嗗姬榻?M鍚屾甯﹀熀鍑嗗甫瀹?0mm鐨勫熀鏈瀹氬姛鐜嘝0
鍦嗗姬榻?4M鍚屾甯﹀熀鍑嗗甫瀹?0mm鐨勫熀鏈瀹氬姛鐜嘝0
鍦嗗姬榻?0M鍚屾甯﹀熀鍑嗗甫瀹?15mm鐨勫熀鏈瀹氬姛鐜嘝0
10 甯︾殑棰濆畾鍔熺巼 Pr
甯︾殑棰濆畾鍔熺巼鎸夊紡锛?锛夎绠楋細   Pr=KLKZKWP0       kW…………………………………锛?锛?/span>
    寮忎腑锛欿W甯﹀绯绘暟
KW=( bs/ bs0 )1.14……………………………………锛?锛?/span>
11 纭畾甯﹀拰甯﹁疆鐨勫搴?/span>
鎸?/span>PdPr 鍘熷垯閫夋嫨甯︾殑瀹藉害bs锛屽垯
…………………………锛?/span>10锛?/span>
寮忎腑锛?/span>bs0 瑙佷笅琛?/span>

 

甯﹀瀷
3M
5M
8M
14M
20M
bs0
6
9
20
40
115

 

 
鎸夎绠楃粨鏋滈€夋嫨鐩稿搴旂殑甯歌瀹藉害銆?/span>甯歌瀹藉害琛?/span>銆?/span>锛?/span>
骞剁‘瀹氬甫杞殑榻块潰瀹藉害鍙婃€诲搴︺€傘€?/span>杞娇闈㈠搴﹀昂瀵歌〃銆?/span>
12 璁$畻鍘嬭酱鍔?/span>Q
鍘嬭酱鍔?/span>Q 绀烘剰鍥捐鍥?/span>2銆?/span>
 
 
鍥?span class="Apple-converted-space"> 2 甯︿紶鍔ㄧ殑鍘嬭酱鍔?/span>
甯︾殑绱ц竟寮犲姏F1 鍜屾澗杈瑰紶鍔?/span>F2 鍒嗗埆鐢卞紡锛?/span>11锛夈€佸紡锛?/span>12锛夎绠楋細
                  F1=1250Pd/v ………………………………………锛?/span>11锛?/span>N
F2=250Pd/v ………………………………………锛?/span>12锛?/span>N
寮忎腑锛?/span>v—甯﹂€燂紝m/s锛?/span>v=πd1n1/6000銆?/span>
鍘嬭酱鍔?/span>Q 鐢卞紡锛?/span>13锛夎绠楋細       Q=KF锛?/span>F1+F2锛?span class="Apple-converted-space"> N …………………………………锛?/span>13锛?/span>
       褰撳伐鍐电郴鏁?/span>KA1.3 鏃讹細   Q=0.77KF锛?/span>F1+F2锛?span class="Apple-converted-space"> N ………………………………锛?/span>14锛?/span>
寮忎腑锛?/span>KF——鐭㈤噺鐩稿姞淇绯绘暟锛岃鍥?/span>3銆?/span>
 
鍚屾甯︿紶鍔ㄨ绠?
鍥?span class="Apple-converted-space"> 3 鐭㈤噺鐩稿姞淇绯绘暟
 
KF 鎹皬甯﹁疆鍖呰α1 鏌ュ浘3 鑰屽緱銆傚皬甯﹁疆鍖呰鐢卞紡锛?5锛夎绠楋細
α1≈180°锛堬紙 d2  d1锛?a)×57.3° ………………………………锛?5锛?/span>
13 甯︾殑寮犵揣
鎸夊紡锛?/span>16锛夈€佸紡锛?/span>17锛夎绠楀甫瀹夎鏃跺簲淇濊瘉鐨勬尃搴?/span>f锛堣鍥?/span>4锛夛紝浠ヤ娇甯︿骇鐢熼€傚綋鐨勫紶绱у姏
               
鍚屾甯︿紶鍔ㄨ绠? ………………………………锛?/span>16锛?/span>
    f = t………………………………………锛?/span>17锛?/span>/64 mm
 
鍥?span class="Apple-converted-space"> 4 甯﹀畨瑁呮椂鐨勬尃搴?/span>
鏂藉姞琛?/span>12 瑙勫畾鐨勫畨瑁呭姏G锛堣鍥?/span>4锛夛紝璋冩暣涓績璺濓紝浣垮叾鎸犲害f 涓庤绠楀€间竴鑷淬€?/span>
 
琛?/span> 12瀹夎鍔?/span> G
甯﹀瀷
甯﹀ bs mm
瀹夎鍔?span class="Apple-converted-space"> G N
3M
6
9
15
2.0
2.9
4.9
5M
9
15
20
25
30
3.9
6.9
9.8
12.7
15.7
8M
20
30
50
85
17.6
26.5
49.0
84.3
14M
40
55
85
115
170
49.0
71.5
117.6
166.6
254.8
20M
115
170
230
290
340
242.7
376.1
521.7
655.1
788.6

 

13璁捐灏忕粨

甯﹀瀷銆佸甫闀裤€佸甫瀹姐€傚甫鐨勬爣璁颁唬鍙凤紱甯﹁疆鍨嬪彿銆佸ぇ灏忓甫杞殑榻挎暟銆佽妭寰勩€佸寰勩€佸搴︺€傚甫杞殑鏍囪浠e彿锛涘甫浼犲姩瀹為檯涓績璺濆強鍏跺畨瑁呰皟鏁村€硷紱甯︿紶鍔ㄧ殑鍘嬭酱鍔涳紱甯︾殑瀹夎鍔涘拰鎸犲害

锛堟湰鏂囨潵婧愶細浜掕仈缃?锛?

(璐d换缂栬緫锛氬瓙璞?

寮曠敤鍦板潃锛?a href="#" target=_blank>

TAG鏍囩锛?鍚屾甯?/a> 浼犲姩璁$畻
椤朵竴涓?/div>
(0)
0%
韪╀竴涓?/div>
(0)
0%
鍏嶈矗澹版槑锛?/strong> 闄ゆ爣鏄庛€婂疄楠屽璧勮缃戙€嬪師鍒涘锛屾湰缃戦儴鍒嗘枃绔犺浆杞借嚜鍏跺畠濯掍綋锛岃浆杞界洰鐨勫湪浜庝紶閫掓洿澶氫俊鎭紝 骞朵笉浠h〃鏈綉璧炲悓鍏惰鐐瑰拰瀵瑰叾鐪熷疄鎬ц礋璐o紝涓斾笉鎵挎媴姝ょ被浣滃搧渚垫潈琛屼负鐨勭洿鎺ヨ矗浠诲強杩炲甫璐d换銆? 濡傚叾浠栧獟浣撱€佺綉绔欐垨涓汉浠庢湰缃戜笅杞戒娇鐢紝鑷礋鐗堟潈绛夋硶寰嬭矗浠汇€傚娑夊強浣滃搧鍐呭銆佺増鏉冨拰鍏跺畠闂锛? 璇峰湪30鏃ュ唴涓庢湰缃戣仈绯伙紝鎴戜滑灏嗗湪绗竴鏃堕棿鍒犻櫎鍐呭锛?
------鍒嗛殧绾?---------------------------
鍙戣〃璇勮
璇疯嚜瑙夐伒瀹堜簰鑱旂綉鐩稿叧鐨勬斂绛栨硶瑙勶紝涓ョ鍙戝竷鑹叉儏銆佹毚鍔涖€佸弽鍔ㄧ殑瑷€璁恒€?/small>
璇勪环:
琛ㄦ儏:
鏈€鏂拌瘎璁?/strong> 杩涘叆璇︾粏璇勮椤?gt;>