浠婂ぉ鏄細

瀹為獙瀹よ祫璁綉

Science/Nature鐩樼偣: 浜屾湀鏉愭枡棰嗗煙閲嶅ぇ杩涘睍

瀹為獙瀹よ祫璁綉鏃堕棿:2018-06-17 鐐瑰嚮: 娆?/span> 鐧惧害鎼滅储

銆愬璇汇€?/strong>1銆丼cience锛氶挋閽涚熆琛ㄩ潰KTaO3锛?01锛夌殑鏋佹€цˉ鍋挎満鍒?缁翠篃绾冲伐涓氬ぇ瀛artin Setvin 锛堥€氳浣滆€咃級绛変汉鍒╃敤鎵弿鎺㈤拡鏄惧井闀滃拰瀵嗗害娉涘嚱鐞嗚鐮旂┒浜嗛挋閽涚熆閽介吀閽撅紙KTaO3锛夛紙001锛夎〃闈㈤殢鐫€鑷敱搴﹀鍔犵殑琛ュ伩鏈哄埗銆傚湪鐪熺┖涓鍒囧壊鐨勮〃闈㈣鍥哄畾鍦ㄩ€傚綋鐨勪綅缃紝浣嗘槸鍏惰兘绔嬪嵆鍝嶅簲缁濈紭浣撳埌閲戝睘鐨勮浆鍙樹互鍙婂彲鑳界殑閾佺數鏅舵牸澶辩湡銆傚湪鐪熺┖涓€€鐏舰鎴愬垎绂荤殑姘х┖浣嶏紝闅忓悗灏嗛《灞傚畬鍏ㄩ噸鎺掓垚鏈夊簭鐨凨O鍜?.....
TAG鏍囩锛?Nature Science 鏉愭枡棰嗗煙 鍌寲鍓?/a> 鏉愭枡鍒跺

1銆丼cience锛氶挋閽涚熆琛ㄩ潰KTaO3锛?01锛夌殑鏋佹€цˉ鍋挎満鍒?/strong>

Science/Nature鐩樼偣: 浜屾湀鏉愭枡棰嗗煙閲嶅ぇ杩涘睍

缁翠篃绾冲伐涓氬ぇ瀛artin Setvin锛堥€氳浣滆€咃級绛変汉鍒╃敤鎵弿鎺㈤拡鏄惧井闀滃拰瀵嗗害娉涘嚱鐞嗚鐮旂┒浜嗛挋閽涚熆閽介吀閽撅紙KTaO3锛夛紙001锛夎〃闈㈤殢鐫€鑷敱搴﹀鍔犵殑琛ュ伩鏈哄埗銆傚湪鐪熺┖涓鍒囧壊鐨勮〃闈㈣鍥哄畾鍦ㄩ€傚綋鐨勪綅缃紝浣嗘槸鍏惰兘绔嬪嵆鍝嶅簲缁濈紭浣撳埌閲戝睘鐨勮浆鍙樹互鍙婂彲鑳界殑閾佺數鏅舵牸澶辩湡銆傚湪鐪熺┖涓€€鐏舰鎴愬垎绂荤殑姘х┖浣嶏紝闅忓悗灏嗛《灞傚畬鍏ㄩ噸鎺掓垚鏈夊簭鐨凨O鍜孴aO2鏉$汗鍥炬銆傛渶缁堥€氳繃褰㈡垚鍏锋湁鐞嗘兂鍑犱綍褰㈢姸鍜岀數鑽风殑缇熷熀鍖栬鐩栧眰缁ц€岀疆浜庢按钂告皵鍚庡彂鐜版渶浣宠В鍐虫柟妗堛€?/p>

鏂囩尞閾炬帴锛?a href="http://science.sciencemag.org/content/359/6375/572" target="_blank">Polarity compensation mechanisms on the perovskite surface KTaO3(001)   锛圫cience, 2018, DOI:10.1126/science.aar2287锛?/a>

鏉愭枡鐗涜祫璁鎴筹細Science锛氶挋閽涚熆琛ㄩ潰KTaO3锛?01锛夌殑鏋佹€цˉ鍋挎満鍒?/p>

2銆丼cience: 鐢靛瓙鏉熸晱鎰熸潗鏂欑殑鍘熷瓙绾у垎杈ㄧ巼TEM鎴愬儚

Science/Nature鐩樼偣: 浜屾湀鏉愭枡棰嗗煙閲嶅ぇ杩涘睍

闃垮崪鏉滄媺鍥界帇绉戞妧澶у鐨凞aliang Zhang锛孠un Li浠ュ強闊╁畤鏁欐巿锛堝叡鍚岄€氳浣滆€咃級鍙戝睍浜嗕竴绯诲垪绛栫暐鏉ヨВ鍐崇洰鍓嶇數瀛愭潫鏁忔劅鏉愭枡楂樺垎杈ㄦ垚鍍忛亣鍒扮殑鎸戞垬銆傝璇鹃缁勮璁℃柟娉曞湪闄愬埗鏁翠綋鐢靛瓙鍓傞噺鐨勫墠鎻愬埄鐢ㄧ洿鎺ヨ娴嬬數瀛愯绠楋紙DDEC锛夌浉鏈哄垎鏋愪簡鍖呮嫭澶氱閲戝睘鏈夋満妗嗘灦鏉愭枡鍦ㄥ唴鐨勪竴绯诲垪鐢靛瓙鏉熸晱鎰熸潗鏂欍€傚埄鐢ㄨ繖绫荤瓥鐣ワ紝鐮旂┒浜哄憳鍙瀵熷埌UiO-66涓殑鑻幆浠ュ強琛ㄩ潰鏃犻厤浣撳拰琛ㄩ潰閰嶄綋灏佺鐨勫叡瀛樼幇璞°€傚洜姝わ紝璇ユ垚鏋滆瘉鏄庡埄鐢ㄤ笂杩扮瓥鐣ュ彲浠ュ疄鐜板鐢靛瓙鏉熸晱鎰熸潗鏂欑殑鍘熷瓙绾у垎杈ㄧ巼鐨勯€忓皠鐢靛瓙鏄惧井鎴愬儚銆?/p>

鏂囩尞閾炬帴锛?a href="http://science.sciencemag.org/content/359/6376/675" target="_blank">Atomic-resolution transmission electron microscopy of electron beam–sensitive crystalline materials锛圫cience, 2018, DOI: 10.1126/science.aao0865锛?/a>

鏉愭枡鐗涜祫璁鎴筹細Science: 鐢靛瓙鏉熸晱鎰熸潗鏂欑殑鍘熷瓙绾у垎杈ㄧ巼TEM鎴愬儚

3銆丼cience锛氬熀浜庣撼绫崇粨鏋勮寖寰风摝灏旀柉鏉愭枡鐨勭孩澶栧弻鏇插彉闈?/strong>

Science/Nature鐩樼偣: 浜屾湀鏉愭枡棰嗗煙閲嶅ぇ杩涘睍

瑗跨彮鐗欏反鏂厠澶уRainer Hillenbrand锛堥€氳浣滆€咃級绛変汉閫氳繃绾崇背缁撴瀯鍖栧叚闈綋姘寲纭肩殑钖勫眰寮€鍙戝嚭涓孩澶栧弻鏇茬嚎鍙橀潰锛岃钖勫眰鏀寔娣卞害浜氭尝闀垮昂搴︾殑澹板瓙鏋佸寲婵€鍏冿紝鍏朵笌闈㈠唴鍙屾洸绾胯壊鏁d竴璧蜂紶鎾€傞€氳繃搴旂敤绾㈠绾崇背鎴愬儚鎶€鏈紝鍙互鐪嬪埌鍙戞暎鏋佸寲瀛愭潫鐨勫嚬锛堜笉瑙勫垯锛夋尝鍓嶏紝杩欎唬琛ㄤ簡鍙屾洸鏋佸寲瀛愮殑鏍囧織鎬х壒寰併€傝繖浜涚粨鏋滆鏄庝簡杩戝満鏄惧井闀滃浣曞簲鐢ㄤ簬鎻ず鍚勫悜寮傛€ф潗鏂欎腑鏋佸寲婵€鍏冪殑澶栨潵娉㈠墠锛屽苟璇佹槑绾崇背缁撴瀯鐨勮寖寰峰崕鏉愭枡鍙互涓哄弻鏇茬嚎绾㈠鍙樻崲璁惧鍜岀數璺舰鎴愰珮搴﹀彲鍙樺拰绱у噾鐨勫钩鍙般€?/p>

鏂囩尞閾炬帴锛?a href="http://science.sciencemag.org/content/359/6378/892" target="_blank">Infrared hyperbolic metasurface based on nanostructured van der Waals materials锛圫cience, 2018, DOI:10.1126/science.aaq1704锛?/a>

鏉愭枡鐗涜祫璁鎴筹細Science锛氬熀浜庣撼绫崇粨鏋勮寖寰风摝灏旀柉鏉愭枡鐨勭孩澶栧弻鏇插彉闈?/p>

4銆丼cience锛氬揩閫熷啿鍑昏秴钖勮杽鑶滀骇鐢熸恫婊村寘瑁瑰眰

Science/Nature鐩樼偣: 浜屾湀鏉愭枡棰嗗煙閲嶅ぇ杩涘睍

寮规€ц杽鑶滆兘渚濋潬姣涘惛鍔涘娑叉淮浜х敓鑷富鍖呰9锛岃€屽璇ヨ繃绋嬬殑鐩磋瑙傚療闈炲父閲嶈銆?strong>缇庡浗椹惃璇稿澶уNarayanan Menon锛堥€氳浣滆€咃級绛変汉鐮旂┒浜嗘按鐩镐腑閫氳繃瓒呰杽鑱氬悎鐗╄杽鑶滃疄鐜板娌规淮鐨勫寘瑁广€傜爺绌朵汉鍛橀€氳繃鑱氬悎钖勮啘鐨?D瑁佸壀杈圭紭寰楀埌鍖呰9灞傜殑3D褰㈢姸锛屽苟閫氳繃娌瑰寘姘村拰姘村寘娌硅杽鑶滀袱鏂归潰灞曠幇浜嗚鎶€鏈殑鏅亶鎬с€?/p>

鏂囩尞閾炬帴锛?a href="http://science.sciencemag.org/content/359/6377/775" target="_blank">Wrapping with a splash: High-speed encapsulation with ultrathin sheets锛圫cience, 2018, DOI: 10.1126/science.aao1290锛?/a>

5銆丯ature锛氬厜鍌寲纰崇倲绫讳技鐗╃殑鐢熸垚鍙婂姛鑳藉寲

Science/Nature鐩樼偣: 浜屾湀鏉愭枡棰嗗煙閲嶅ぇ杩涘睍

宸村缃楅偅绉戝鎶€鏈爺绌舵墍Marcos G. Suero锛堥€氳浣滆€咃級绛変汉鎰忚瘑鍒扮⒊鐐旂殑鏈緛鐗圭偣鏄彲浠ヨ繛缁舰鎴?涓柊鐨勫叡浠烽敭锛岀寽娴嬩骇鐢熺⒊鐐旀垨鐩稿绋冲畾鐨勫叾浠栫⒊褰㈠紡鐨勫偓鍖栨柟娉曞彲浠ラ€氳繃鏋勫缓鎵嬫€т腑蹇冪殑缁勮鐐瑰垎绂绘硶瀹炵幇銆傝鐮旂┒缁勮璁′簡涓€绉嶆柊鐨勫偓鍖栨柟娉曪紝鍒╃敤鍙鍏夊厜姘у寲杩樺師鍌寲鍓傦紝鐢熸垚閲嶆爱鍩虹敳鍩鸿嚜鐢卞熀浣滀负纰崇倲鐨勭被浼肩墿銆傝繖浜涚⒊鐐旂被浼肩墿鍙互璇卞鑺抽鐜笂纰?姘㈤敭瑁傜殑浣嶇偣閫夋嫨锛屼骇鐢熸湁鏁堢殑閲嶆爱鐢茬兎鐢插熀鍖栧弽搴旓紝杩欒兘绋冲畾鍖昏嵂绫诲寲瀛︾墿鍚庢湡缁勮鐐瑰姛鑳藉寲鐨勬帓搴忔帶鍒躲€傝繖绉嶆柟娉曚负鐢熺墿娲绘€у垎瀛愰€氳繃璋冩暣鎵嬫€т腑蹇冪殑浣嶇偣鎻愪緵浜嗘湁鏁堢殑璺緞锛屼篃鑳借繘琛屾湁鏁堝悗鏈熷姛鑳藉寲杩囩▼銆?/p>

鏂囩尞閾炬帴锛?a href="https://www.nature.com/articles/nature25185" target="_blank">Catalytic assembly-point functionalization of carbyne equivalents with feedstock chemicals锛圢ature锛?018锛宒oi:10.1038/nature25185锛?/a>

鏉愭枡鐗涜祫璁鎴筹細Nature锛氬厜鍌寲纰崇倲绫讳技鐗╃殑鐢熸垚鍙婂姛鑳藉寲

6銆丯ature锛氬皬灏忔湪鏉愬埌楂樻€ц兘缁撴瀯鏉愭枡鐨勯璺?/strong>

Science/Nature鐩樼偣: 浜屾湀鏉愭枡棰嗗煙閲嶅ぇ杩涘睍

椹噷鍏板ぇ瀛﹁儭鑹叺銆乀eng Li锛堝叡鍚岄€氳锛夌瓑浜虹爺鍙戝嚭浜嗕竴绉嶇畝鍗曡€屾湁鏁堢殑绛栫暐锛屽皢鍧楃姸澶╃劧鏈ㄦ潗鐩存帴杞彉鎴愰珮鎬ц兘缁撴瀯鏉愭枡锛屽叾寮哄害锛岄煣鎬у拰闃插脊鎬ф彁楂樹簡鍗佸€嶏紝骞跺叿鏈夋洿澶х殑灏哄绋冲畾鎬с€傞€氳繃鍦∟aOH鍜孨a2SO3鐨勫惈姘存贩鍚堢墿涓殑娌歌吘杩囩▼浠庡ぉ鐒舵湪鏉愪腑閮ㄥ垎鍘婚櫎鏈ㄨ川绱犲拰鍗婄氦缁寸礌锛岄殢鍚庤繘琛岀儹鍘嬶紝瀵艰嚧缁嗚優澹佺殑瀹屽叏濉岄櫡鍜屽ぉ鐒舵湪鏉愪笌楂樺害涓€鑷寸殑绾ょ淮绱犵撼绫崇氦缁寸殑瀹屽叏鑷村瘑鍖栥€傝繖绉嶇瓥鐣ヨ璇佹槑瀵瑰悇绉嶆湪鏉愰兘鏄櫘閬嶆湁鏁堢殑锛岃鍔犲伐鏈ㄦ潗鍏锋湁姣斿ぇ澶氭暟缁撴瀯閲戝睘鍜屽悎閲戞洿楂樼殑姣斿己搴︼紝浣垮叾鎴愪负浣庢垚鏈紝楂樻€ц兘锛岃交閲忕骇鐨勬浛浠e搧銆?/p>

鏂囩尞閾炬帴锛?a href="https://www.nature.com/articles/nature25476" target="_blank">Processing bulk natural wood into a high-performance structural material锛圢ature, 2018, DOI:10.1038/nature25476锛?/p>

鏉愭枡鐗涜祫璁鎴筹細Nature锛氬皬灏忔湪鏉愬埌楂樻€ц兘缁撴瀯鏉愭枡鐨勯璺?/p>

7銆丯ature锛氭櫠浣撴湁搴忚浆鍙樻秷闄ょ己闄锋満鍒剁殑鏂板彂鐜?/strong>

Science/Nature鐩樼偣: 浜屾湀鏉愭枡棰嗗煙閲嶅ぇ杩涘睍

绾界害澶уPaul M. Chaikin锛堥€氳浣滆€咃級鍥㈤槦棰樹负“Freezing on a sphere”鐨勬枃绔狅紝琛ㄦ槑浜嗙悆浣撹〃闈㈢殑鍐荤粨鏄€氳繃褰㈡垚涓€涓崟涓€鐨勶紝鍖呭惈鏅朵綋鐨?ldquo;澶ч檰”鑰屽舰鎴愮殑锛屽畠灏嗙己闄峰己鍒跺垎鎴?2涓绔嬬殑“娴锋磱”銆備娇鐢ㄨ繖绉嶇牬纰庣殑瀵圭О鎬?灏嗕簩鍗侀潰浣撶殑椤剁偣涓庣己闄?ldquo;娴锋磱”瀵归綈锛屽苟灏嗚繖浜涢潰灞曞紑鍒颁竴涓钩闈笂锛屾瀯閫犱竴涓柊鐨勬湁搴忓弬鏁帮紝浠ユ彮绀烘櫠鏍兼綔鍦ㄧ殑闀跨▼鍙栧悜椤哄簭銆傚嚑浣曞舰鐘跺缁撴櫠鐨勫奖鍝嶅彲浠ュ湪绾崇背绾у拰寰背绾х粨鏋勭殑璁捐涓€冭檻鍒帮紝鍏朵腑鍙Щ鍔ㄧ己闄疯闅旂鎴愯嚜鎴戞帓鍒楃殑闃靛垪銆傛澶栵紝缂洪櫡鍦ㄥ绉颁綅缃笂鐨勫垎绂讳互鍙婂湪杩欎簺浣嶇疆闄勮繎浼撮殢鐨勬祦鍔ㄦ€э紝鍦ㄨ璁$壒瀹氬尯鍩熼渶瑕佸垰鎬у拰娴佸姩鎬х殑缁撴瀯鏃跺疄楠岃瘉鏄庢槸鏈夌敤鐨勩€?/p>

鏂囩尞閾炬帴锛?a href="https://www.nature.com/articles/nature25468" target="_blank">Freezing on a sphere锛圢ature,2018,DOI:10.1038/nature25468锛?/p>

鏉愭枡鐗涜祫璁鎴筹細Nature锛氭櫠浣撴湁搴忚浆鍙樻秷闄ょ己闄锋満鍒剁殑鏂板彂鐜?/p>

8銆丯ature锛氱敱鍗曞眰澶氭櫠浜岀~鍖栭捈鍒舵垚鐨勫绔瓙蹇嗛樆鏅朵綋绠?/strong>

Science/Nature鐩樼偣: 浜屾湀鏉愭枡棰嗗煙閲嶅ぇ杩涘睍

瑗垮寳澶уMark C. Hersam锛堥€氳浣滆€咃級绛変汉鍒╃敤鑱氬鏅跺崟灞備簩纭寲閽硷紙MoS2锛夊湪瀹為獙涓婂疄鐜颁簡澶氱娣峰悎璁板繂鐢甸樆鍜屾櫠浣撶銆備簩缁?MoS2 蹇嗛樆鍣ㄥ湪鍗曚釜鐢甸樆鎬佷腑鍛堢幇鍑洪棬鎺у彲璋冩€с€傛澶栵紝鍏瀛?MoS2 蹇嗛樆鏅朵綋绠¤繕鎷ユ湁闂ㄦ帶寮傛簮绐佽Е鍔熻兘銆傝瑁呯疆鏈夊姪浜庣爺绌跺鏉傜殑绁炵粡褰㈡€佸涔犲強浜岀淮鏉愭枡涓殑缂洪櫡鍔ㄥ姏瀛︺€?/p>

鏂囩尞閾炬帴锛?a href="https://www.nature.com/articles/nature25747" target="_blank">Multi-terminal memtransistors from polycrystalline monolayer molybdenum disulfide锛圢ature, 2018, DOI:10.1038/nature25747锛?/p>

9銆丯ature锛氶噺浜у脊鎬ц秴鏁忕數瀛愮毊鑲?/strong>

Science/Nature鐩樼偣: 浜屾湀鏉愭枡棰嗗煙閲嶅ぇ杩涘睍

鏂潶绂忓ぇ瀛﹂矋鍝插崡鏁欐巿锛堥€氳浣滆€咃級绛変汉璁捐浜嗚兘瀹炵幇閲忎骇鍜屽潎涓€鎬у埗澶囧悇绉嶆湰寰佸叿鍙媺浼告€х殑鐢靛瓙鑱氬悎鐗╃殑鏂规硶锛屾墍鍒跺鐨勭數瀛愯澶囪兘瀹炵幇鏈緛寮规€ц仛鍚堢墿鏅朵綋绠¢樀鍒楀瘑搴﹂珮杈?47涓櫠浣撶姣忓钩鏂瑰帢绫炽€傚悓鏃舵媺浼稿簲鍙?000娆℃櫠浣撶鐨勫鐢佃兘鍔涘強鐏垫晱搴︾瓑涔熸病鏈夋槑鏄句笅闄嶏紝鑳藉涓庝紶鎰熷櫒闃靛垪鍜屾暟瀛楃數璺瓑鏋勫缓寮规€у彲鎷変几鐢靛瓙鐨偆銆傛墍鎶ラ亾鐨勫埗澶囨柟娉曞悓鏍疯兘閫傜敤浜庡叾浠栨湰寰佸脊鎬ц仛鍚堢墿鏉愭枡鐨勫簲鐢ㄤ互鍒跺鏂颁竴浠e脊鎬у彲鎷変几鐢靛瓙鐨偆璁惧銆?/p>

鏂囩尞閾炬帴锛?a href="https://www.nature.com/articles/nature25494" target="_blank">Skin electronics from scalable fabrication of an intrinsically stretchable transistor array锛圢ature锛?018锛孌OI:10.1038/nature25494锛?/p>

鏈枃鐢辨潗鏂欎汉瀛︽湳缁勫ぇ榛戝ぉ渚涚锛屾潗鏂欑墰缂栬緫鏁寸悊銆?/p> 锛堟湰鏂囨潵婧愶細鏉愭枡鐗?锛?

(璐d换缂栬緫锛氬瓙璞?

寮曠敤鍦板潃锛?a href="#" target=_blank>

TAG鏍囩锛?Nature Science 鏉愭枡棰嗗煙 鍌寲鍓?/a> 鏉愭枡鍒跺
椤朵竴涓?/div>
(0)
0%
韪╀竴涓?/div>
(0)
0%
鍏嶈矗澹版槑锛?/strong> 闄ゆ爣鏄庛€婂疄楠屽璧勮缃戙€嬪師鍒涘锛屾湰缃戦儴鍒嗘枃绔犺浆杞借嚜鍏跺畠濯掍綋锛岃浆杞界洰鐨勫湪浜庝紶閫掓洿澶氫俊鎭紝 骞朵笉浠h〃鏈綉璧炲悓鍏惰鐐瑰拰瀵瑰叾鐪熷疄鎬ц礋璐o紝涓斾笉鎵挎媴姝ょ被浣滃搧渚垫潈琛屼负鐨勭洿鎺ヨ矗浠诲強杩炲甫璐d换銆? 濡傚叾浠栧獟浣撱€佺綉绔欐垨涓汉浠庢湰缃戜笅杞戒娇鐢紝鑷礋鐗堟潈绛夋硶寰嬭矗浠汇€傚娑夊強浣滃搧鍐呭銆佺増鏉冨拰鍏跺畠闂锛? 璇峰湪30鏃ュ唴涓庢湰缃戣仈绯伙紝鎴戜滑灏嗗湪绗竴鏃堕棿鍒犻櫎鍐呭锛?
------鍒嗛殧绾?---------------------------
鍙戣〃璇勮
璇疯嚜瑙夐伒瀹堜簰鑱旂綉鐩稿叧鐨勬斂绛栨硶瑙勶紝涓ョ鍙戝竷鑹叉儏銆佹毚鍔涖€佸弽鍔ㄧ殑瑷€璁恒€?/small>
璇勪环:
琛ㄦ儏:
鏈€鏂拌瘎璁?/strong> 杩涘叆璇︾粏璇勮椤?gt;>